This paper represented our first articulation of the literature review process that led to the development of the FoNS framework. It described seven of the eight categories now thought to comprise FoNS. These were *number recognition*, systematic counting, awareness of the relationship between number and quantity, quantity discrimination, *understanding different representations of number*, *simple arithmetic competence* and *awareness of number patterns*. At this stage, *estimation* had not been confirmed as the eighth category.

# Foundational number sense: A framework for analysing early number-related teaching

Andrews, P., & Sayers, J. (2015). Foundational number sense: A framework for analysing early number-related teaching. In O. Helenius, A. Engström, T. Meaney, P. Nilsson, E. Norén, J. Sayers, & M. Österhom (Eds.), Developments of mathematics teaching: Design, scale, effects (pp. 17-26). Umeå: SMDF.

**Last updated:**
October 25, 2017

**Source:** FoNS

## Contact Information, FoNS

*Project Director*

**Paul Andrews **

paul.andrews@mnd.su.se

*Lead Researcher*

**Judy Sayers **

*Researcher*

**Jöran Petersson **

+46(0)73-694 1086

joran.petersson@mau.se